Development and Types of ISPs in Indonesia

The development of internet service in Indonesia began to appear when entering the 90s, especially in 1995 which was marked by the large invasion of the first Internet Service Provider (ISP). This ISP appears to answer market needs with speeds or bandwidths of 14.4 kbps to 28.8 kbps. Over time, the existence of ISPs has also emerged in Indonesia. Even today the number can be said to be very fast and among internet service providers have their own ways and services to attract consumers and the market. Especially for large companies like the media.

Classification, function and type of ISP

ISPs or internet service provider companies also have their own classifications. This is based on the function and type of the ISP and the needs of its consumers. The functions and types of ISPs based on these needs are as follows:

ISP hosting

The first classification is Internet service that focuses on internet hosting services. This company will provide all the necessities needed for websites and internet access for consumers who are usually large companies. For example, the services are creating email, web-hosting to online data backup storage services. In addition, other services include virtual servers, cloud-based internet services to physical server operations.

ISP access provider

Second is the ISP access provider. This company is not only limited to hosting services but also includes the provision of internet devices for companies that need fast access. For this reason, this internet provider also provides hardware such as ADSL and ISDN cables to optical fiber to metropolitan ethernet or known as metro-e. Usually, large companies that use ISP services are companies engaged in the media sector.

Pengagalan Trademark Yang Sudah Terdaftar Di Indonesia

Berikut dua prosedur pembatalan trademark Terdaftar di Indonesia sebagai berikut:

1. Mengajukan Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan non-penggunaan

Pembatalan merek yang dikutip karena tidak dipakai sebenarnya diatur dalam Pasal 61 ayat (2) huruf (a), huruf (b) UU Merek Indonesia No. 15 tahun 2001 yang menegaskan bahwa:

Penghapusan pendaftaran Merek atas prakarsa Direktorat Jenderal dapat dilakukan apabila trademark indonesia tersebut sudah tidak digunakan selama 3 (tiga) tahun berturut-turut dalam perdagangan barang dan / atau jasa sejak tanggal pendaftaran atau pemakaian terakhir. kecuali ada alasan yang dapat diterima Direktorat Jenderal; atau merek digunakan untuk jenis barang dan atau jasa yang tidak sesuai dengan jenis barang atau jasa yang dimohonkan pendaftarannya, termasuk penggunaan merek yang tidak sesuai dengan merek terdaftar ” .

Namun inisiatif penghapusan tersebut tidak dapat dengan mudah dilaksanakan karena tidak ada langkah pasti dari tidak adanya penggunaan trademark di Indonesia. Selain itu, saat ini tidak ada lembaga yang sah untuk mengawasi atau memantau penggunaan trademark di pasar yang sebenarnya di negara kita. Singkatnya, meskipun penghapusan pendaftaran merek berbasis non-penggunaan diatur oleh undang-undang, namun penghapusan tersebut tidak dapat diterapkan secara efektif. Berdasarkan fakta di atas, Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan non-penggunaan tidak efektif dan umumnya tidak menguntungkan.

Tindakan Pembatalan Non Guna tidak efektif dan jarang diajukan ke Pengadilan Niaga. Namun, bukan berarti kami tidak dapat mengajukan gugatan tersebut.

Lebih lanjut, persyaratan yang terlibat dalam pengajuan Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan non-penggunaan adalah sebagai berikut: Surat Kuasa yang diaktakan dan dilegalisasi (formulir salinan terlampir); Anggaran Dasar perusahaan (jika Penggugat adalah perusahaan); Bukti tidak digunakannya merek dagang pihak yang merugikan Untuk mengungkap informasi apakah merek tersebut digunakan oleh pihak yang merugikan atau tidak di pasar yang sebenarnya di Indonesia, sangat disarankan untuk melakukan penyelidikan sebelum mengajukan Tindakan Pembatalan. Informasi yang didapat dari investigasi ini bisa sangat berguna bagi kita untuk mengatur strategi penanggulangan kasus ini kedepannya.

2. Mengajukan Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan trademark Klien yang terkenal dan itikad buruk pihak yang merugikan Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan merek dagang terkenal Klien dan itikad buruk pihak yang merugikan dalam mendaftarkan merek dagang yang relevan diatur dalam Pasal 68 Ayat (1) Undang-Undang Merek Dagang Indonesia No.15 tahun 2001; “Gugatan Pembatalan Merek terdaftar dapat diajukan oleh pihak yang berkepentingan berdasarkan alasan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 4, Pasal 5 atau Pasal 6”. 

Persyaratan yang terlibat dalam pengajuan Tindakan Pembatalan terhadap pendaftaran yang dikutip adalah sebagai berikut: Surat Kuasa yang diaktakan dan disahkan (formulir salinan terlampir). Daftar resmi pendaftaran merek dagang klien yang relevan di seluruh dunia. Sertifikat pendaftaran merek asli, setidaknya di 5 (lima) negara termasuk negara asal. Brosur dan iklan. Anggaran Dasar perusahaan (jika Penggugat adalah perusahaan). Bukti sebagai pengguna sebelumnya dari merek yang relevan. 

Beberapa contoh produk yang memiliki merek dagang yang relevan. Nama dan alamat lengkap distributor / agen klien di Indonesia. Salinan sertifikat merek dagang di seluruh dunia dalam terjemahan bahasa Inggris. Tindakan Pembatalan akan diajukan satu bulan setelah penerimaan dokumen yang diperlukan di atas. Surat Kuasa harus diaktakan oleh Notaris dan kemudian dilegalisir oleh Konsulat Indonesia di negara Anda. Surat Kuasa harus diajukan pada saat mengajukan pembatalan. Jika Klien mengajukan Tindakan Pembatalan berdasarkan itikad buruk tanpa dapat membuktikan bahwa merek dagang Klien adalah merek dagang terkenal, peluang untuk berhasil mengajukan Tindakan Pembatalan akan rendah.

 Sementara itu, jika Klien dapat menunjukkan setidaknya 5 (lima) pendaftaran di seluruh dunia dari merek dagang terkait dalam kelas terkait yang sebelum tanggal pendaftaran pihak yang merugikan, pihak yang merugikan dapat dianggap telah mendaftarkan merek dagangnya berdasarkan itikad buruk dan meniru milik Klien. merek dagang terkenal. Sehingga peluang suksesnya tinggi

Tips on Saving on Wedding Catering Budget

One of the biggest expenses, when married, is food. The price of a catering wedding package is expensive. Especially if there are thousands of invitations. Hence, we have to make plans in financing wedding catering. Don’t let the wedding budget run out almost entirely to the catering.

Or to have to go into debt just to pay for the meals of these invited guests.

Tips on saving on “catering pernikahan

Actually, there are many ways to keep wedding costs up. Particularly in the catering sector, we must be brave enough to break the generosity of wedding receptions if we want to save money. Here are tips on saving on wedding catering.

1. Adjust the budget

Do you want to bother thinking about catering fees before or after the reception? If you choose after, you don’t need to use the budget. Directly order catering and serve it to guests. Even though you choose the cheapest package, it doesn’t mean that the wedding costs will be cheaper either. Because you don’t have a budget! Budget is important in activities like this. Even the budget is mandatory in everyday life, not only when going for activities. Without a budget, our financial life will be messy. Included in wedding receptions. If there is no budget, expenses for anything will not be tracked.

2. Cut down on rice

Look at personal experiences when you come to a wedding. Surely take a little rice, whether it’s white rice, “nasi tumpeng“, or fried rice. You see, people tend to prefer to eat huts. The food in the hut is generally not eaten everyday. Unlike those in the middle, such as rice, soup, fried chicken, or fish. For example, a package from the catering was 20 kilograms of rice. Can you ask to reduce it to just 10 kilograms. But, with compensation the package price is reduced, yes.

3. Focus on the hut

As said before, people usually focus on the huts. We must also be the same. The hut is the key. To save money, reduce the menu portion at the middle table. For example, the price of the middle package is IDR 2 million, while the hut is IDR 500 thousand per hut. Just make Rp1 million a middle meal. The shack is still Rp. 500 thousand is fine, as long as it matches the number of guests. But if you can, add IDR 100,000 so that the portion is more. Guests usually comment on the food in the hut more often than in the middle, especially the goat. How come? Just enter the building and immediately choose a place near the goat meat hut. Hey, admit it!

4. Enough water Instead of using soft drinks for serving, it’s better to drink lots of water. The main reason, of course, because it is more economical. Just look, the price of 1 liter of soft drinks can be the same as the price of 2 liters of mineral water. After all, both of them function to relieve thirst. In addition, water is healthier than soft drinks. The guests, especially the elderly ones, certainly prefer plain water for health. Agree? * while holding the wallet.

5. Use only the fill This is, a tradition in a very wallet-friendly reception. In Solo, there is a tradition of serving a portion of the reception. The presentation, which is often referred to as the Flying Saucer, is more accessible to the budget. The name flying saucer because food is served per plate, then served one by one by the waiter.

The concept is like in a western restaurant, you know. There are appetizers until dessert. The menu is usually: Bread + croquette/ solo sausage and sweet tea Galantin chicken soup Liver fried chili rice Fruit ice Now it’s complete. Cheap too.

However, marriage is a sacred event that cannot be underestimated. Especially about food. Guests are sometimes a bit complicated to comment on these lack of food. That is why, in addition to ensuring savings, we must ensure that food is delicious to eat. Not just cheap. If you want to save more, we can turn our attention to other expenditure items. To a building, for example, look for something cheap but steady. Likewise about efficient wedding decorations. What is clear, there are always cheap ways to get married. It’s up to us, willing and able or not to do it.